Wednesday, 21 December 2016

A New Insight Towards The Global Trading Order

Professor Ari Afilalo has taken on the existing state of affairs across various international institutions which govern the trade across the globe. His work in the book The New Global Trading Order is of high importance and caters to various concerns associated with WTO and GATT leading to the unsatisfactory response to the changing scenario of global trade.

The author has laid down the fact the it is not easy to understand the trading order that prevails in the world today without getting complete knowledge and understanding of the statecraft and trade whilst focusing on their relationship. The author puts forth all the information in a very comprehensive and easy to understand while depicting the changing scenario of the state.

According to the author the world is experiencing change in the trade mechanisms as the age old notions of welfare, sovereignty and world powers are gradually eroding giving way to a more fair and strategic world. The postmodern state demands a lot more than what the existing institutional structure can offer.  

His work discusses various practices and methods that can be implemented in order to reach a new post modern global trading scenarios. It advocates cross-border relationships and suggests the ways of achieving the goals which also include measures to recreate new institutions for domestic and international trade replacing the old ones.

The New Global Trading Order throws light on current perceptions about the trade scenarios and also highlights the misperceptions existing with the same. Therefore, this book is a must read for all the people who are willing to learn about broken concepts and are looking forward towards creating a groundwork to fix the situation.

Friday, 18 November 2016

International Influence On Sephardic Music- Ari Afilalo

Music is the expression and soul of the Sephardic culture. Music plays a phenomenal role in constructing the history of Sephardic in the twentieth century. Many Sephardi people were involved in the preservation and publication of music. 

Moroccan Sephardic Music
The Jews of Morocco had quite a striking effect on the Sephardic music. Their traditional ballads of lullabies, court romance, and biblical songs in medieval Spanish had a strong impact on their music. The combinations of these melodies and songs are referred as Sephardic music.

Movement Of Iberian Jews To New Lands
After Iberian Jews moved to other areas, Sephardic music absorbed several aspects of the music from the new locations. In today’s Sephardic music, the influence of Balkan rhythms and the high pitched ululations of North African locales and the Turkish Maqam mode can be observed. Each relocation influenced and added something in the Sephardic music. From Ottoman Empire, France, England, Italy, Germany, U.S.A., South America and Canada, Jews moved in different parts of the globe from Spain.

Multilayered International Influence
Sephardic music retained the Jewish culture and acted like a representative of its original environment despite migration of Jewish people all around the world. The fragments of musical traditions of romance in the popular lyric songs of Sephardic music from nineteenth century Spanish compositions. Other Sephardic songs are based on local compositions based on events, old narrative ballads and calendar cycle songs of Sephardic music are from nineteenth century Spanish compositions.
Types Of Sephardic Music
Sephardic music is of mainly types consisting of topical songs for entertainment, ceremonial and spiritual songs and romance songs. Their lyrics are in many languages including Hebrew which is mainly for spiritual songs and Ladino, a language made from the mixture of Spanish and Hebrew.
Ari Afilalo is a celebrated writer, author and a philosopher who is also an active member of the Sephardic Jewish community in the New York city.

Friday, 11 November 2016

Influential Factors In Sephardic Music- Ari Afilalo

Sephardic music is a term which is used for the Sephardic Jewish music. Sephardic Jews is a term used to refer to the exiled Jews from Spain. In Sephardic secular tradition, usually the music is in dialects of Judeo-Spanish and other other languages such as Greek, Turkish and Hebrew including the local languages of the diaspora are used. 

Liturgical and para-liturgical traditions are preserved by Sephardim. Their music repertory have a unique flavor that centres primarily around the Mediterranean basin. Following the beginning of Sephardic music recordings on the commercial level and the revival of the folk music revival, the discovery of Sephardic music and the world music led to gargantuan changes in the performance, repertory and commercial practices.

For sephardic communities, Judeo-Spanish, Ladino was an important marker of the culture. Most performers from the Sephardic community were Ashkenazi or non-Jewish. With increasing music recordings in the fusion or rock-influenced categories, the recordings are marketed as critical part of the early music.

The obscure music of sephardic community slowly spread throughout the world which is now performed in every imaginable style. The music has evolutionized to a great extent since the pre-Biblical times. The religious music regarding the Exodus and Solomon’s Temples started in the early middle ages. Salamone Rossi’s work exhibits the early emergences of Jewish musical themes.

Jewish music has been found by some observers in Gershwin’s some 800 songs. The learners do not miss the synagogue ideas and themes in Porgy and Bess by George Gershwin. The famous Israeli composers of Sephardic music are Yitzhak Yedid, Tsippi Fleischer, Betty Olivera, Chaya Czernowin and Mark Kopytman.

Ari Afilalo is an artist and musician who has keen interest in musical heritage and studies the musical themes of the Sephardic culture. He is also part of the French Moroccan community in New York.

Friday, 30 September 2016

Ari Afilalo- Exiled Sephardic Communities And Their Culture.

Sephardism is defined as a literary political metaphor which has been used by the cultural personalities and Jewish writers to express themselves and their views about the minorities and the dissidents in the world today. This term has been used by different authors from varied nationalities, religions and ethnicities from Europe, North Africa, America and many other parts of the globe.

The philosophy and logic of Sephardism dwells on the fact why Jewish and Gentile thinkers and writers have drawn Sephardic experience of the medieval era to express their discernments about the role of minorities in the modern world. In Europe, the exiled sephardic communities were largely founded in Venice, Leghorn, Hamburg, Bayonne, Bordeaux and London.

They originally spoke Spanish and Portuguese and later on adapted Western European culture. One of the most successful enterprises were started by Sephardic people. The Sephardic Jews were treated as the crème de la crème of the society during the medieval era in Europe and were known as a very prosperous community with secular education.

For centuries, Sephardic Jews lived as Dhimmis keeping peace with the muslim countries and the rulers of the Ottoman Empire and N. Africa. They were a privileged race there and were still allowed to worship their own religion and even take part in business. And the upper class Sephardic Jews were employed as translators in the Ottoman Empire.

Comparative to their European counterparts, the Sephardic Jews in the Arab countries were leaning more towards the modernity. In North Africa, the Zionist movement became popular and there was great support from Sephardic Rabbis from the Ottoman Empire and this movement expanded to Muslim nations such as Tunisia, Egypt and other countries of North Africa.

Ari Afilalo is a part of Sephardic Synagogue at the west side of the New York City and loves to analyse the literature and writings of Sephardic homilist and philosophers. He is a member of the French Moroccan community in the New York region. 

Friday, 19 August 2016

The Basic Understanding Of The Changing Trading System- Ari Afilalo

Ari Afilalo is a tenured professor of law, who has published many books on the legal matters related to GATT, NAFTA and many more. Ari has done a post graduation degree in law from a very prominent school in the United States.                   
The book named ” The New Global Trading Order” gives a wonderful glimpse of his writings and this book is a real contribution to the thinking about the international trade order. This book is written in a fantastic way and can arouse a great interest to those who are highly concerned with international trade law, economics and the problems of globalization.

The main concern of the author is only to show that how the post-war Bretton Woods system was predicted on the basis of the state that no more holds. The prediction was done just for regulating the global economic order.
To promote the global economic opportunity and growth for citizens of developed and developing countries, they focus on developing an original thesis for radical institutional redesign of the existing trade regime. 'The New Global Trading Order is said to be the thought-provoking work, which made an astonishing  contribution to an emerging body of literature.
This book focuses on world trade and considers the past of global institutions and proposes the possible solutions to all the issues of global trade. The book is all about the political theory and an analysis of policies.
To understand the global trading order, it is very essential to uncovering the relationship between trade and the state. The modern trade order mainly focuses on the liberalization of trade in goods and services. In this way, the seamless story of the book moves around the changing nature of the state and the frequent changes in the international trading system.

Wednesday, 22 June 2016

Ari Afilalo – A Law Professor Research and Innovation in Sephardic

Ari Afilalo, a law professor specializing on trade who has co-authored ‘The New Global Trading Order: The Evolving State and the Future of Trade’ with Dennis Patterson, a book published by the Cambridge University Press. He has for many years nurtured an interest in the social and economic integration of Sephardic Jews in Israel and their patterns of political allegiance.
As a senior writing his thesis at Harvard in 1988, Ari Afilalo studied in depth the causes of the overwhelming Sephardic support for Menahem Begin and his Likud Party, who won for the first time in 1977 the Israeli elections after decades of Labor dominance. Ari Afilalo had previously studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and he was able to access at Harvard archives containing a rich collection of materials pertaining to Sephardic voting.
Ari debunked at the time the commonly held view that Sephardic voters, hailing from Arab countries where they had faced a politically turbulent if culturally rich history, were attracted to the more hawkish policy of the Likud. He instead traced the voting patterns to the initial clashes between the Labor establishment “anti-Levantinization” policies and the Sephardic immigrants, and the more traditional outlook of Prime Minister Begin, as distinguished from the secular Labor leaders.
Today, Ari Afilalo examines social, economic and political issues affecting the children and grand-children of the 1977 Sephardic first Likud wave.

Tuesday, 21 June 2016

Ari Afilalo – Research and Innovation in Sephardic

Ari Afilalo is a law professor by day, who has co-authored ‘The New Global Trading Order: The Evolving State and the Future of Trade’ with Dennis Patterson, a book published by the Cambridge University Press. He is also an avid researcher and consumer of Sephardic texts, poetry, music and religious interpretations.
Ari Afilalo has started several projects that he plans to complete over the summer, present at his synagogue, the West Side Sephardic Synagogue, and other venues. The first project is a compilation of traditional blessings given to congregants called to the Torah in a Sephardic synagogue.
Ari stumbled upon the job of giving the blessings when the then Rabbi of his community, who had been in charge, moved to a new congregation. Instead of using the traditional, fixed text that has been developed by the compilers of the Moroccan prayer book used in the shul, Ari developed his own blessings (brahot) based on the needs of each congregant: children, marriage, a better living, good health.
His new project blends the text that Ari developed with the traditional text of the blessings canon, and comments on the sources that he uses for this project.